Yacon has a generally high percentage of fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and inulin, both considered probiotics. FOS are short chains of sugar, are not digested in the digestive tract, and reach the colon without changing its structure; there, they are absorbed by microflora producing bacterial fermentation and bacterial growth, the "protective" calls bifidobacteria and lactobacillus. The association of FOS and inulin provides a protective effect against colitis. FOS has several beneficial properties, including sweetness, which produces inulin, also does not contain calories, and has a high protein concentration. In addition, FOS has important beneficial physiological effects, such as reducing the risk of colon and rectal cancer, reducing cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids in the blood, promotes a better immune response that increases resistance to infections and allergies, improves calcium and magnesium absorption, magnesium uptake leads to a reduced risk of colorectal cancer, calcium uptake contributes to good health and bone strength. The literature also provides benefits for arthritis problems. In addition, FOS consumption increases the frequency of feces and stool, this leads to a decrease in constipation, is considered one of the most common problems of modern society and children in the first months of life.
Other components found in both roots and leaves of yacon are flavonoids that give antioxidant properties beneficial to health.
The presence of FOS and the absence of starch makes it potentially beneficial for people with diabetes, and the presence of inulin provides sweetness can be used by people with diabetes, it has been proven that yacon reduces glucose concentration in diabetics.
Currently, the cultivation of Yacon is significantly increasing, being in the markets of natural tubers and processed, such as jelly, juice, jams, cookies, flour, and dehydrated.
• Helps reduce constipation.
• May be useful for people with diabetes. Lowering blood glucose.
• Can be used as a sweetener in diabetics.
• Magnesium uptake reduces the risk of colorectal cancer.
• Calcium uptake promotes healthy bones.
• The association of FOS and inulin provides a protective effect against colitis.
• Antioxidant properties.
• Reduces cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids in the blood.
• Promotes a better immune response by increasing resistance to infections and allergies.